Collaborative Democracy

Collaboration as a distinct form of participatory democracy: The spurred notion of institutionalized expertise is replaced in this sense with technology-supported collaborative gathering and evaluation of information among citizens who have self-selected themselves as experts for a certain domain to produce knowledge. In a second step, online communication tools enable visual deliberation about concrete policy proposals which are then translated into policies.

Proponents: Beth Noveck

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Reason for intervention

Institutional impact

Governance level



Legitimacy decision